Granite is a common and widely occurring type of intrusive, igneous rock. Granite usually has a medium- to coarse-grained texture. By definition, granite is an igneous rock with at least 20% quartz by volume and is formed from magma.Polished granite is versatile and durable, therefore a popular choice for kitchen countertops due to its high durability and aesthetic qualities.
Marble is a metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite. Marble is a much softer material than granite.The definition of elegance, the standard for high end kitchen and bath countertops as well as floors and fireplace hearths.
Soapstone is relatively soft because of the high talc content, and may feel soapy when touched, hence the name. Soapstone is used for inlaid designs, sculpture, coasters, kitchen countertops and sinks. Soapstone is sometimes used for fireplace surrounds, because it can absorb and evenly distribute heat. A weathered or aged appearance will occur naturally over time as the patina is enhanced. Applying mineral oil simply darkens the appearance of the stone; it does not protect it in any way.
Limestone is partially soluble, especially in acid, and therefore forms many erosional landforms. These include limestone pavements, pot holes, cenotes, caves and gorges. Limestone is less resistant than most igneous rocks, but more resistant than most other sedimentary rocks.
Travertine is one of several natural stones that are used for paving patios and garden paths. It is sometimes known as travertine limestone or travertine marble. The stone is characterized by pitted holes and troughs in its surface. Although these troughs occur naturally, they suggest signs of considerable wear and tear over time. Travertine is mostly used indoors or outdoors as a floor tile, wall cladding or backsplash.